9A Functional Groups

Functional Groups

Organic molecules are classified by the functional groups they contain. Most functional groups contain a heteroatom, which is any atom other than hydrogen or carbon in an organic molecule. Duration: 2:58.

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Alcohols Have a Hydroxyl Group

Alcohols contain the hydroxyl functional group. A hydroxyl group is a hydrogen and an oxygen connected to a carbon atom. This video lesson includes a dramatic demonstration of the combustion of an alcohol. Duration: 9:58.

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Amines and Alkaloids

Amines, based on the amine functional group, form alkaline solutions. Alkaloids are structurally complicated amines that occur in nature. Duration: 4:12.

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Carboxylic Acids and Esters

This video lesson focuses on carboxylic acids and esters. Included is the synthesis of methyl salicylate, which is the chemical responsible for the smell of wintergreen. Duration: 7:56.

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