5.4 Organic Functional Groups

Alcohols Have a Hydroxyl Group

Alcohols contain the hydroxyl functional group. A hydroxyl group is a hydrogen and an oxygen connected to a carbon atom. This video lesson includes a dramatic demonstration of the combustion of an alcohol. Duration: 9:58.

Ketones, Aldehydes and Amides

A variety of functional groups contain what is known as a carbonyl, which is a carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom. This video lesson focuses on ketones, aldehydes, and amides. Duration: 5:47.

Amines and Alkaloids

Amines, based on the amine functional group, form alkaline solutions. Alkaloids are structurally complicated amines that occur in nature. Duration: 4:12.

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Carboxylic Acids and Esters

This video lesson focuses on carboxylic acids and esters. Included is the synthesis of methyl salicylate, which is the chemical responsible for the smell of wintergreen. Duration: 7:56.